Japanese beetle grubs spend the winter underground in the soil of lawns, pastures, and other grassy areas. A species profile for Japanese Beetle. Please report Japanese beetles found outside the seven county Twin Cities metropolitan and southeast areas of Minnesota to Arrest the Pest. The most likely thing to be mistaken for Japanese beetle is the false Japanese beetle which is similar but can be distinguished by coloration and the lack of white hair tufts at the posterior end of the abdomen. If you adopt a "wait and see" approach, and discover in summer that your lawn has become infested, a curative insecticide can be applied in late July to mid-September when the grubs are still relatively small (1/2 inch or less). Destructive pest of turf, landscape plants, and crops; adults feed on the foliage and fruits of several hundred species of trees, shrubs, vines, and crops, while larvae feed on the roots of grasses and other plants (APHIS 2015) This product is long lasting and is a low risk to bees. In most cases, Japanese beetle damage is cosmetic only and will not kill plants. However, Japanese beetle can also be a pest in soybeans and other agricultural crops as well. Photo by Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Forestry Archive, bugwood.org. Japanese beetle numbers continue to increase in the weekly trap counts conducted by University of Minnesota researchers in Forest Lake, Hastings, Chanhassen, and Rosemount. CHASKA, Minn. — Japanese Beetles have been slower to emerge this season. Scientific name: Popillia japonica Newman. Grubs go through three different growth stages (instars) during the summer becoming progressively larger with each stage. Watch closely for symptoms of turf damage. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. More details regarding JB certification can be found on the National Plant Board Website as listed under "external links." False Japanese beetle. Imidacloprid and dinotefuran, both neonicotinoids, are available to residents. To minimize the hazard of curative grub insecticides to pollinators, mow any flowering weeds just before or right after the pesticide application. In one year the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) trapped more than one million beetles. Japanese beetles will also feed leaves and flowers of many other plants, including silks of corn. Virgin females produce a sex pheromone for mating that is highly attractive to males. Since then, Japanese beetle numbers have fluctuated from year to … False Japanese beetle compared to Japanese beetle. Japanese Beetle IPM (Michigan State University) Grape IPM Guide for Minnesota Producers (Dept. This often results in large clusters of beetles feeding and mating on particular plants while neighboring, equally attractive plants are only lightly infested. Fruits, vegetables and herbs can tolerate limited leaf feeding, but severe damage may affect plant growth and reduce yield. Consider using a professional pesticide applicator, especially for trees. Adult Japanese beetles become active in Minnesota in … Here are some other options from the University of Minnesota Extension and the Minnesota DNR., including this homeowners Japanese beetle handbook! Rose chafers can also be mistaken for Japanese beetle but lack the white patches of hair along the abdomen entirely. Review of Pesticide Options for Japanese Beetles. fruits) as this will prevent pollinators from reaching them. Japanese beetles feeding on leaves, causing skeletonization. Japanese Beetles. Professional pesticide applicators can also apply acephate (Lepitech) systemically as a soil drench. Sides of abdomen have five white patches of hairs, and tip of abdomen has two patches of white hair. Also, eating the plant may cause stomach upset or other intestinal issues as well. Adult Japanese beetles. Professional pesticide applicators have access to chlorantraniliprole (Acelepryn®). It is also a pest of several fruit, garden, and field crops, and has a total host range of more than 300 plant species. Trunk injections should be done by a certified tree care professional. Japanese beetles are an invasive species. The larvae of Japanese beetles are white grubs with three pairs of jointed legs and a yellow-brown head. Other natural enemies observed attacking Japanese beetle adults include many generalist predators such as spiders, assassin bugs, predatory stink bugs, and birds. Caution: Imidacloprid and dinotefuran are very toxic to pollinators. Adults feed primarily in July and August, although some may be active into September. Until that time, this insect was restricted to Japan where it is not a major pest. Many people first became aware of Japanese beetle when they were very abundant in the Twin Cities metro area in 2011. What Trees & Shrubs Can Leaf-Eating Beetles Damage? Look for beetles in your yard and garden starting in late June and early July. Invasive Lawn-Eating Beetle Makes Way To Minnesota For 1st Time ... "The grub of the European chafer can cause more damage to turf than Japanese beetles because it spends a … During their two-month lifespan, females lay up to 60 eggs. Although both natural enemies became established here, neither is very abundant and they have little impact on Japanese beetle populations. A systemic insecticide is absorbed by the plant and moved through its tissues and is applied as a soil drench or injection, a trunk spray or a trunk injection. Caution: pyrethroids, carbaryl, and acephate are toxic to bees and other pollinators. Adult beetles can be found congregating on these plants and defoliating them in a manner described as “skeletonizing” because they leave the leaf veins intact but eat all of the tissue from between them. Preventive treatment may be warranted if a lawn has a recent history of grub infestation, or if the adult beetle flight is particularly high in a given summer. This usually results in more damage to nearby gardens and landscape plants than would have happened if no traps were present. Tree Planting Accessories. Carbaryl or acephate will provide one to two weeks’ protection. Recently, their populations have begun to expand into surrounding agricultural areas. ant-like longhorn beetle (Cyrtophorus verrucosus). Rose chafers. Japanese beetles (Popillia japonica) were first found in the United States in 1916, after being accidentally introduced into New Jersey. Japanese Beetles. Milky spore bacteria, Paenibacillus popilliae (formerly known as Bacillus popilliae) infect only Japanese beetle grubs and have no effect on beneficial organisms. Pyrethroids, including bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, lambda cyhalothrin, and permethrin, last about two to three weeks. Healthy turf grass can typically tolerate up to 10 grubs per square foot. Access county info by clicking on each county. They need to be applied after the eggs have hatched and the grubs are present. of Horticulture, U of MN) The Minn. Extension IPM Program is a collaboration of University of Minnesota Extension & the College of Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resource Sciences (CFANS). Grubs chew grass roots and reduce the ability of grass to take up enough water and nutrients to remain healthy. Two natural enemies of Japanese beetles have been released in Minnesota. Avoid areas being used by ground-nesting bees. Means of spread: Japanese beetles can disperse by flying. Chlorantraniliprole (such as Scott's Grub-Ex®) is an effective, preventative insecticide that is also low risk for bees. Clothianidin, in particular, is systemic; i.e., it can be taken up by the roots and move into the nectar and pollen of flowering lawn weeds. Profile: Photo: Video : American carrion beetle (Necrophila americana)American rose chafer (Macrodactylus subspinosus). Acephate is toxic to bees so applications should not be made near bee attractive plants until after bloom. Japanese beetle adults are half-inch-long, shiny, metallic green, oval insects. After mating, females tunnel underground in the soil one to three inches to lay eggs. If grubs are not found, examine still living turf at the edges of damaged areas for their presence. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Parasitic nematodes, such as Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, are available. The larvae, commonly known as white grubs, primarily feed on roots of grasses often destroying turf in lawns, parks… Effective curative insecticide are trichlorfon, clothianidin, and carbaryl. Once the grubs have stopped feeding and started to move downward in late fall, insecticides are not effective against them. Japanese beetles are a serious pest of flowers, trees and shrubs, fruits and vegetables, field crops and turf. Minnesota’s first sighting of an invasive European chafer beetle was recently reported by a South Minneapolis resident after noticing large swarms of beetles in the homeowner’s yard. Treating in spring is no guarantee that the lawn will not be re-infested again in mid-summer. The Minnesota DNR is asking the public to watch out for the European chafer beetle (left), which is shown here in comparison with the better-known Japanese beetle. Japanese beetles were originally from Asia and were first detected in the U.S. in the early 1900's and now occur throughout much of the eastern United States. As the soil starts to cool in the fall, the nearly mature, full-sized (third instar) grubs dig deeper in the soil, where they spend the winter. Adult Japanese beetles become active in Minnesota in late June/early July. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Beetle-damaged leaves emit feeding-induced odors that attract other beetles (like sharks to blood). In the United States, Japanese beetle was first found in 1916 at a nursery near Riverton, New Jersey and is speculated to have arrived via imported rhizomes of Japanese iris, Iris ensata Thunb. Since then, Japanese beetle numbers have fluctuated from year to year. Once they are present in large numbers, managing them becomes more difficult. The best timing is during the month or so before the adult beetles first emerge and start laying eggs (mid-June to mid-July in Minnesota). The four o’clock, also called marvel-of-Peru (Mirabilis jalapa), has been reported by some gardening sites and blogs to not only halt the beetle’s garden invasion but kill them in the process. updated distribution map of Japanese beetles, Outdoor biting insects and insect relatives. Authors: Jeff Hahn, Extension entomologist, Julie Weisenhorn, Extension horticulturist, and Shane Bugeja, Extension educator. Japanese beetle is present in most of the eastern United States and has been present in Minnesota for decades. “This year it’s an epidemic, they’ve gone over to corn and soybeans now. Trees and Shrubs. Japanese beetles are only active for six to eight weeks, so leaf feeding typically ends around early August. Toll Free: 800-967-2474 They assume the typical C-shaped position in the soil as other grubs. Flowers. Other Insect Control. Photo by Jeff Hahn, University of Minnesota Extension. The best time to remove Japanese beetles is in the evening or in the morning when beetles on the plants are still cool and sluggish. Adult Japanese beetles feed on the leaves, flowers and fruits of many different plants. Japanese beetle adults attack the foliage, flowers, or fruits of more than 300 different ornamental and agricultural plants. Note: Please understand that that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map as such they may be found beyond the general "reach" as showcased on our website. Preferred plants include rose, grape, linden, apple, crabapple, cherry, plum and related trees, birch, elm, raspberry, currant, basil, Virginia creeper, hollyhock, marigold, corn silks and soybean. Japanese beetles overwinter as grubs in soil in grassy areas. CAUTION: Mention of a pesticide or use of a pesticide label is for educational purposes only. Feeding on grass roots, Japanese beetle grubs damage lawns, golf courses, and pastures. Native to Japan and first discovered in the U.S. in 1916, the Japanese beetle is now found in almost every state east of the Mississippi River, as well as Minnesota, South Dakota and Montana. (Asparagales: Iridaceae) (Dickerson and Weiss 1918). Japanese beetles feed on the leaves, flowers or fruit of more than 300 species of plants. However, do not cover plants in bloom that require pollination (i.e. Larvae feed on the roots of grasses and can be a problem for yards and turf. Read about advice on managing Japanese beetle from the University of Minnesota. Biology. The Japanese beetle is a highly destructive plant pest that can be very difficult and expensive to control. Always follow the pesticide label directions attached to the pesticide container you are using. Do not treat in spring because the large grubs are hard to kill, they feed for a relatively brief time and rarely cause damage in the spring. They generally do not affect beneficial insects. While they are not prevalent all over Minnesota, Japanese beetles are “abundant” in the seven county metro area, as well as in Blue Earth, Freeborn, Steele, Omstead and Winona counties. Grubs feed on the roots of turfgrass and adults feed on the foliage of more than 300 plant species. Acknowledgement: Special thanks to Dan Potter, University of Kentucky, for his review and comments on this publication. Photo by Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, bugwood.org. Grub-damaged turf pulls up easily from the soil, like a loose carpet. Either avoid applying these insecticides to bee attractive plants or wait until the plants have finished blooming before treating them. Adults can be moved on plant material, and larvae can be transported in the soil of nursery stock. If your lawn has a recent history of grub damage, you may wish to treat with a preventive insecticide in June or early July (see below) to help ensure that the lawn is not damaged again. The … Use low risk insecticides when they are effective for protecting your plants. The rest of the season will tell that tale. Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) is an invasive species first detected in Minnesota in 1968. Repeat applications are necessary. Products containing Btg (grubGONE!®, grubHALT!®) have provided inconsistent (i.e., variable) levels of grub control in recent university trials. Although these bacteria occur naturally in the soil and may infect a small percentage of the grub population, applying commercial milky spore products has not been shown to provide any benefit in modern university research trials. They were developed by researchers to monitor for the presence of Japanese beetles so that management strategies could be implemented. argus tortoise beetle (Chelymorpha cassidea) BeetleGone, BeetleJus), derived from soil bacteria, is moderately effective against Japanese beetle adults, giving one to two week’s protection. © They have coppery-brown wing covers with five tufts of white hairs along the sides of their bodies. Young or unhealthy plants may be stunted, injured or even killed from severe, persistent feeding. Avoid areas being used by ground-nesting bees. 2020 Japanese beetle grubs look like other white grubs and can only be positively distinguished by examining the pattern of spines and hairs on the underside of the tip of the abdomen. arborvitae, spruce, fir, pine), daylily, geranium, ginkgo, Japanese tree lilac, forsythia, common lilac, magnolia, red and silver maple, oak, white poplar, redbud, rhododendron and yew. Japanese beetles feed on a wide variety of flowers and crops (the adult beetles attack more than 300 different kinds of plants), but in terms of garden plants, they are especially common on roses, as well as beans, grapes, and raspberries. The Japanese beetle is a serious pest of foreign nature to turf and ornamental plants. Japanese beetles feed for six to eight weeks so it is important to continue management until their numbers decrease. At first, only a few beetles were found. Regulatory classification (agency): There are no regulations for movement of Japanese beetle within Minnesota. Grubs feed on the roots of grass and adults feed on the foliage of more than 300 plant species. Japanese beetle grubs are pests of turfgrass. Japanese beetle is present in most of the eastern United States and has been present in Minnesota for decades. Physically removing beetles can be a practical and effective management practice for smaller landscapes or a few plants, especially when only small numbers of Japanese beetles are present. They chew grass roots, causing the turf to brown and die. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture monitors this invasive species. Japanese beetles cause leaves to appear skeletonized. Hanging a trap in a home garden is not an effective way to protect plants. They destroy fields of soybeans and corn. Japanese beetle infestations in Minnesota are mostly found in the Twin Cities metropolitan area and southeast region of the state. To access the information, click on the map below. While Minnesota gardeners were in a bit of a frenzy about Japanese beetles when the insect was new to the state in the 1990s, beetle populations are cyclical. ST. PAUL, Minn. (WCCO) — Call it summer’s version of beauty and the beetle – make that Japanese beetles! Neem oil is effective for several days but repeat applications are necessary. By 2001, they occurred in much higher numbers. It is now widespread across North America, reported in all of the contiguous 48 states except for Florida. Some years are bad, others not so … Beetles emerging from non-treated grass areas can fly a considerable distance to preferred adult food plants. And they may attract more insects to your yard. This can be useful to avoid pesticide drift, especially when treating large trees. But the blossoms are often ruined by the insects. Controlling Japanese beetle grubs is unlikely to reduce the number of adults on landscape plants. Japanese beetles are most commonly found in the Twin Cities metropolitan area as well as southeast Minnesota. 625 Robert Street North Japanese beetles were first discovered in Minnesota in 1968. There are other possible causes for discolored turf so check under the grass to make sure it is due to white grubs. This product is low risk to bees and other beneficial insects. Start management when they first appear. Chlorantraniliprole (Acelepryn®) provides two to four weeks protection, and is low risk to bees. Since larvae feed primarily on the roots of grass, Japanese beetle is most prevalent in urban environments. NEW: Conditions related to movement of plant products that could carry Japanese beetle between states are set by the Japanese Beetle Harmonization Plan which has recently been updated, read about the updated plan. The Polar Vortex weather may have hurt their population. Japanese Beetles. Follow recommended lawn care practices to promote a healthy lawn. Metallic green head and thorax (the area behind the head) with copper-brown wing covers. Curative means treating white grubs when they are feeding and damage is noticed. Japanese beetles were first discovered in Minnesota in 1968. Most feeding is finished by mid to late August. ... Video of a Japanese beetle … While these traps can collect an impressive number of beetles, research at the University of Kentucky has demonstrated that more beetles fly toward the traps than are caught. In Minnesota, Japanese beetle has been found in many counties but is only known to be abundant in some. As infestations increase on farms, growers should be vigilant about control in order to prevent extensive leaf damage. When choosing new plants for your landscape, consider using a less preferred plant. Remember that insecticides can pose significant risks to beneficial insects, including pollinators, as well as birds, fish and mammals. The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica), is a common scarab beetle which is causing issues in local gardens, yards, and more recently, in soybean fields. Dry soil conditions can reduce egg survival, resulting in fewer adult beetles the following year. 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