Strange but true facts about Lydia and the Lydians (93). Murder of Phocaean prisoners, and origin of funeral games at Agylla. Please try again later. The Persians begin attacks on the Greeks of Asia Minor. Gyges' rule is endorsed by an oracle. History of East-West conflict resumed. Sardis under seige (80). [1] A cuneiform text from Babylonia (year nine in the Chronicle of Nabonidus) may enable us to assign a date to the end of the Lydian monarchy: 547 BCE. Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full … Attacks by Alyattes' son Croesus on Ephesus and other Greek cities of Asia Minor (26). Dedicatory offerings of Croesus are seen by Hdt. Climate and dialects of the Ionian Greeks (142). How Sardis was taken by Cyrus. Strange portent of the self-boiling kettle does not convince Hippocrates of Athens to disown his son Pisistratus. A Dorian parallel for intertribal rivalry. 3 Chapter Summaries - Summary The Leadership Challenge: How to Make Extraordinary Things Happen in Organizations Policy Paradox The Art of Political Decision Making Homer - Odyssey - Plot overview Thucydides - The History of the Peloponnesian War - Contemporary Analysis Thucydides - The History of the Peloponnesian War - Books 2 5 - Summary The Politics summary Please try again later. Researches of Hdt on the non-Greek nature of Pelasgian speech (57-8). Playing King of the Hill, he beats the son of a nobleman; upon questioning by Astyages (his grandfather) his regal manner gives the secret away (114-15). History of East-West conflict momentarily resumed. Cyrus fulfilled the prophecy dooming the descendants of Gyges, and himself misinterpreted the oracle (91). the story of Arion), Herodotus returns to his main theme: the conflict with Persia. By analysing Herodotus’s presentation of the latter, I will show that Herodotus has no intention to produce a source of amusement or comedy when Burial customs of the Persians and Magi; sacrifices (140). He aligns himself with the Arabs (which offers Herodotus … Croesus, about to be burned alive, names Solon. Herodotus’ keen interest in investigating historical explanations or causes is already evident in the Histories’ first sentence, which ends by asking ‘for what reason they [i.e. Herodot von Halikarnass(os) (altgriechisch Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos; * 490/480 v. Harpagus decides not to kill the baby (109). Croesus is worried about the increasing power of his neighbors, and decides to attack them. In a sense then, Herodotus begins his history from the epics of Homer. Its river Pactolus carried gold, and the proverbially rich Croesus had been the first to mint coins, which he used to pay mercenaries. Harpagus attacks Caria. The second logos of Herodotus' Histories deals with Cyrus' rise to power. The Babylonian queen Semiramis built the dikes (184). Aeolians of the islands, Lesbos and Tenedos (150). He began to write when they first took up arms, believing that it would be great and memorable above any previous war. Astyages puts Harpagus in command of the Medes; Cyrus' first victory is assured by defections among the Medes (127). In Antiquity, books consisted of papyrus scrolls. The Histories open with a prologue in which the author announces that he will describe the conflict between the Greek and the non-Greek peoples (= Persians) and will explain how they came into conflict. Factual accounts of military matters on land and at sea, commanders, governments, and rulers are juxtaposed with Greek mythology. How some Scythians destroyed a temple of Aphrodite and were forever cursed with an hereditary venereal disease (105). Herodotus The Histories is a brick of a book.It’s 750 pages of history and ethnography with a loose Greek- Persian theme to it. Successful advance of Pisistratus into Athens. The Cymaeans, reluctant to deny the suppliant, send Pactyes to Mytilene (Lesbos), then to Chios, whence he is handed over to the Persians (160). Harpagus instructs a herdsman to expose the baby (110). Herodotus starts his story with a brief account of the origin of the Median Empire. Rape of Helen; negotiations fail (3). Cyrus dreams of Darius with wings looming over Europe and Asia, but misinterprets the dream. Examples illustrating the wealth and productivity of Babylon and environs (192). Opening alludes to Homer, suggests epic scale and purpose (memorialization). This logos ends with a digression on Lydian customs. This comes, I think, from their not believing the gods to have the same nature with men, as the Greeks imagine. Astyages confirms his suspicions by questioning the herdsman (116). 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