... after the earthquake that struck on February 22, 2011. Woman surveying the damage to her home near Christchurch, close to the epicentre of the earthquake that struck New Zealand's South Island on Sept. 4, 2010. Although its magnitude—about 6.3—was less than that of the 2010 quake, it caused greater devastation, in part because its epicentre was at a relatively shallow depth and was located close to the city and because it struck in the middle of the day. Four days after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck near Christchurch, New Zealand, rescue crews from seven nations are on the ground, still hopeful they may find survivors. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). World Book Online. 375,900. Of these, approximately 100 are of sufficient size to produce substantial damage if their centres are near areas of habitation. Up to 50,000 residents moved permanently to other locations in New Zealand or to Australia. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. 2010-2011 Christchurch earthquakes is currently estimated to be in the range between 25 and 30 billion NZ dollars (or 15% to 18% of New Zealand’s GDP). Pop. Buildings have collapsed around Cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch. The devastation is so severe that some have even referred to the event as “New Zealand’s 9/11. Omissions? Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11 | New Zealand | Britannica Less than six months later, on February 22, 2011, another quake struck Christchurch. Christchurch, city, Canterbury regional council, eastern South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. Gillian Needham took this iconic photo from her home in Cashmere minutes after the 22 February 2011 earthquake struck Christchurch. M ark Mitchell—New Zealand Herald/AP Two large tremors struck the Christchurch m etropolitan area during the early afternoon on June 13, 2011. In the weeks and months that followed, after the damage had been surveyed, it was determined that thousands of buildings in the city would have to be demolished and that some areas might have to be abandoned altogether because the quake had rendered the land dangerously unstable. It was centred at a depth of 7 km (4.3 mi), about 5 km (3 mi) south-east of Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by a magnitude 6.2 M W earthquake in February 2011. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. Encyclopedia, dictionary and atlas. A declared state of national emergency stayed in force from 23 February 2011 until 30 April 2011. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. Christchurch was founded by the Canterbury Association, which was formed in 1848 largely through the efforts of John Robert Godley and planned to establish a model Church of England settlement. This was the second major earthquake to hit the city; the previous quake occurred on 4 September 2010 and registered at a 7.1 magnitude. It struck the Canterbury region of the island and caused a lot of damage and many deaths in Christchurch, New Zealand's second largest city.. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 M w earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST. It was the last and most successful colonizing project inspired by Edward Gibbon Wakefield and his New Zealand Company. Proclaimed a city in 1862 and made a borough in 1868, Christchurch was expanded in 1903, and it is now the most populous city on South Island and the second largest city (after Auckland) in New Zealand. The original immigrants arrived on five ships in 1850–51. Their settlement, known as Canterbury, was renamed for Christ Church, Oxford, the college Godley had attended. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 peoplein the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. Online encyclopaedia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Panoramic view of Christchurch and Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand. According to the New Zealand Herald, “Police say more than 100 people may have been lost in Christchurch’s quake-ravaged Canterbury TV building, which they say is ‘unsurvivable’.” In addition, some 80% of the residents do not have access to water. However, the violent magnitude 6.3 earthquake that devastated Christchurch on 22 February 2011 was caused by movement along a fault that does not appear to have broken the surface. Prime TV documentary on the Christchurch earthquake. Once dependent primarily on its rich agricultural environs, Christchurch expanded in the latter half of the 20th century to become New Zealand’s second most important industrial centre, aided by good transportation facilities, adequate supplies of artesian water, and plentiful, inexpensive hydroelectric power. Encyclopedia Britannica Britannica School. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On February 22, just five months after Christchurch, known as the “Garden City of the Plains” for its extensive land devoted to parks, public gardens, and other recreation areas and located on the South Island of New Zealand, was hit with a strong earthquake of about magnitude 7 centered approximately 20 miles west of the city, the city was once again rocked with a major quake. Corrections? David Wall/Alamy. http://3news.co.nz/quake 3 News video footage from the 2011Christchurch Earthquake, New Zealand. 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